BALANCE / FALL PREVENTION – PREVENTION TIPS

TALK TO YOUR PHYSICIAN, REVIEW YOUR MEDICATIONS:

  • Polypharmacy- the use of multiple medications due to health issues
  • Average of 2-6 prescribed medications and 1 to 3.4 non-prescribed medications
  • 66% of older adults use one or more drugs daily
    (Heuberger and Caudell, 2011)
  • The highest risk of falls are associated with psychotropic medications
    (The American Geriatrics Society, 2014)

GET A VISION EXAM:

  • Impaired vision leads to misjudgment of distance and spatial information
    (Ambrose, Paul, and Hausdorff, 20 13)
  • Individuals with visual impairment are 7x more likely to have a fall
    (Newton and Sanderson, 2013)
  • Persons who wear multifocal lenses are 2x more likely to fall (Al- Aama, 2011)
  • Have a vision exam once a year (NCOA, 2014)

NUTRITION:

  • Nutrition risk precedes malnutrition (Watson, Zhang, & Wilkinson, 2010)
  • Age-related loss of muscle mass is associated with undernutrition (Stoltz et al., 2002)
  • Prevalence of undernutrition in older adults is around 20 to 60% (Stoltz et al., 2002)
  • Elevated body mass index of 30 kg/m2 is associated with an increased tendency of falls (Stoltz et al., 2002)

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813-631-9700

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